The capital of Tajikistan, a city of republican significance, the largest scientific, cultural, political, economic, industrial, and administrative center of the country. The highest state authorities of Tajikistan are in Dushanbe, including the residence of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan in the Presidential Palace. The highest flag in the world has been erected in Dushanbe, which is included in the Guinness Book of Records. The population of the city is more than a million people.
The time of the origin of the ancient settlement on the territory of the modern city is not precisely established. During the research conducted on the territory of Dushanbe, various household items of ancient people who lived here at the end of the Stone Age, in the Neolithic era, in the 4-3 millennium BC were discovered, which are currently on display at the National Museum of Antiquities of Tajikistan in the center of the country.
In addition, in the former Putovsky Descent (now the National Museum of Tajikistan), the remains of settlements of the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom (late 3rd century BC) were found, and a settlement of the Kushan period (7-8 centuries) - on the left bank of the Dushanbe-Darya River. The city of Kushan time, according to the assumptions of scientists, was quite significant in size. Traces of his rural district were discovered during the excavations of such early medieval settlements as Arki Mir (the territory of the botanical garden), Ispechaktepa (the residential area of Ispechak), Teppai Iskandar, the settlement of Shishi Khona.
"Monday" is the translated name of the capital of Tajikistan, ancient Dushanbe. From 1929 to 1961, the city was called Stalinabad, in honor of the leader of the Soviet Union, I.V. Stalin. At the beginning of the 17th century, a village appeared at the crossroads of Asian roads, where a bazaar was held on Mondays. As time passed, the village grew and soon turned into a district center, whose bustling markets were full of people and goods not only one day a week - and the name remained. The first written mention of Dushanbe occurs at the end of 1676.
Modern Dushanbe is a city where you can feel the breath of the fabulous East, and at the same time it is the cultural, economic, and political center of the country.
Among the modern monuments there is a monument to the founder of the Tajik state Ismail Somoni, a statue of the poet Rudaki, the founder of Tajik-Persian classical poetry. In Rudaki Park you can see wonderful fountains, beautifully illuminated at night. Islamic architecture is represented by the mosque and madrasah of Haji Yakub.
Dushanbe was literally transformed during the years of independence. Over the past 30 years, the buildings of the National Library, the National Museum of Tajikistan, the cultural complex "Kohi (Palace) Navruz", "Kohi Somon", "Independence Monumetn", Siyoma Mall and a number of other objects have been built in our capital, which have become the pride of the residents of the capital.
WELCOME TO TAJIKISTAN — TRAVEL TO A FABULOUS LAND!
In this multi-day tour, we will visit the cultural, historical and natural attractions of the following districts and cities of Tajikistan:
Reception of tourists on the territory of Tajikistan: from the international airport of Dushanbe
Accommodation at the hotel (optional), familiarization with the program and the support team
Lunch at 13:00, national cuisine, STD meals
Dinner at 19:00, national cuisine, STD meals
Places to visit: Ismoil Somoni Memorial Complex – National Library – Nation Palace – Arms Square – Navruzgoh Park – Flag Square – National Museum – Rudaki Park – Siyoma Mall
ISMOIL SOMONI MEMORIAL COMPLEX – in this complex houses the Ismoil Somoni Monument and Dusti Square. The monument to Ismail Somoni was erected in honor of the founder of the statehood of the Tajik people, Ismail Somoni. I. Somoni was the head of the Samanid state in the VIII – IX centuries. The height of the monument is 11.5 meters; the arch with a height of 40 meters is a symbol of the Eastern state.
NATIONAL LIBRARY – is the main library of the country specializing in the preservation of the cultural heritage of the peoples of Tajikistan. While the original state library in Dushanbe was founded in 1933 and named after the Persian-Tajik writer Firdousi, the new building of the National Library opened in March 2012 along with a new official name. The new building has 15 reading rooms and more than 20 departments. Currently, the library fund has more than 6 million copies of books, newspapers, magazines and other printed publications, audiovisual and electronic materials.
The NATION PALACE - is the official residence of the President of Tajikistan. The construction of the palace began in 2000. All imperative political events take place in the Palace, including the reception of high-ranking political figures, such as the reception of heads of states, presidents, heads of international organizations, ambassadors, etc.
COAT OF ARMS SQUARE – the area of the State Coat of Arms with a 45-meter stele is located on the left side of the Palace of the Nation, equipped with a variety of seedlings.
NAVRUZGOH PARK – was opened in 2014 in honor of the international holiday of Navruz and is located on an area of 146 square meters - between the Nation Palace and Navruzgoh. On 15 hectares of the garden, are planted such types of trees as pine, viburnum, lilac, cedar, fir, juniper, magnolia, sycamore, chestnut, red maple and other types of plants. Despite the fact that the park is located very close to the center, there is a completely different atmosphere here. Lots of greenery, trees and fountains. There is a waterfall – "Sharshara". This is a great option for families with children, and just a good place for walking, both on foot and on bicycles. In the evenings it is especially beautiful here.
FLAG SQUARE - is located in the center of Dushanbe, to the left of the Nation Palace. This flagpole is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the tallest flagpole in the world. The height of the flagpole is 165 meters, the area is 1800 m2, the width is 30 meters and the length is 60 meters.
NATIONAL MUSEUM - is located in the center of Dushanbe. The museum consists of 22 large and small exhibition halls — departments of nature, antiquity and the Middle Ages, modern history, fine and applied arts. The exposition area of the National Museum of Tajikistan is 15 thousand m2. The new exposition of the National Museum of Tajikistan has collected items of material heritage, flora and fauna from all museums of the country. The number of exhibits exceeded 50 thousand items.
RUDAKI PARK - located in the center of Dushanbe, and its eastern side faces the main street of the city - Rudaki Avenue, and the southern side faces the Palace of the Nation. The garden area reaches - 8 hectares. The park is named after the founder of Tajik classical literature, the world-famous poet, the father of the Persian language Abuabdullo Rudaki.
SIYOMA MALL - is a new shopping and entertainment center on the territory of the 62nd microdistrict of the city of Dushanbe. The shopping center "Siema Mall" in the capital of Tajikistan is the second largest and grandiose after the shopping center "Dushanbe Mall" known as "Auchan City". This institution is part of the Avesto Corporation group, which consists of Akia, Siem, Oluch, Evar, Marmari, TGEM, Honai Man and others. The Siema Mall shopping center is a unique example of an architectural concept. The initial goal of the project was to create a large-scale shopping and entertainment center so that people could not only go shopping, but also eat delicious food and just have a good time. The "Siema Mall" shopping center can receive up to 5,000 visitors a day, who will be able to spend time in absolute comfort. The hallmark of the SEC "Siyoma Mall" is the "Kohi Parfenon" — a snow-white restaurant building made in the Greek architectural style. In Siema Mall we have time for shopping.
KOHI (PALACE) NAVRUZ - is a new building consisting of 12 unusual halls, each of which is made in its own special national style. At the same time, it is ready to receive up to 3,200 guests. All the halls of the palace are decorated by local craftsmen: there are wood carvings, Florentine mosaics made of local semi-precious stones, mosaics of colored mirrors, painted ceilings. On the walls there are scenes from ancient legends, on the ceiling there are patterns made of wood in the old style. Navruz Palace impresses with its splendor and modern luxury, it is a representative palace where important political events of the country and international meetings take place. It was within these walls that the 14th SCO Summit took place.
ISTIQLOL (INDEPENDENCE) SQUARE AND MONUMENT– the Istiqlol (Independence) Monument and Istiqlol Square were opened on September 8, 2022 with the participation of the Leader of the Nation, President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon. The 121-meter height of the Istiqlol complex is symbolic, that is, the lower part of the 30-meter complex is a symbol of the 30th anniversary of state independence, and the upper part - 91 meters – represents independence in 1991 of the last century. The total area of the symbolic complex "Istiklol" is 11900 square meters, the area of the object under construction is 4761 square meters. In the upper part of the complex there is an 8-meter crown made of titanium. In the symbol of Independence, the crown embodies the symbol of statehood, independence, state development and civilization, knowledge of the history of the ancient Tajik people. The base of the complex is an octagonal pyramid and consists of 7 entrances. When drawing up a project with the symbol "Crown", the designer relied on the symbol "Tree of Life" as a basis, which represents and embodies broad ideas.
IRAM PARK – this park is located in the northern part of Dushanbe. The garden area reaches 40 hectares; the main entrance to the garden starts from the east. The alley leads to a glass greenhouse, from where the alleys and paths of the Botanical Garden originate
MEHRGON BAZAAR - is a new and modern grocery market in Dushanbe, commissioned in September 2014. The total area of the market is approximately 30 thousand square meters. The market is located on the eastern outskirts of the city of Dushanbe. The total area of the market building is about 10 thousand square meters. The building consists of 3 floors, on the ground floor mainly fruits, tortillas, legumes, meat, chaka, spices and dried fruits are sold, on the second and third floors there are clothing stores, cafes and service salons, including financial services, communication services. All goods and products of the market are environmentally friendly and very useful for health, which are very difficult to get at ordinary markets or supermarkets.
MAUSOLEUM of MAVLONO YAKUBI CHARKHI - is located in the western part of Dushanbe. Yaqub Ibn Uthman Al-Charkhi (1359-1447) was a religious figure, spiritual leader of the Sufi Tariq of Haji-Naqshbandi. Sheikh, the eighteenth in the golden chain of succession of the sheikhs of Tariqa.
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF ANTIQUITIES - was established in 1934 on the basis of an exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy and Expeditionary Research of the Tajik Base of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Then there were only 530 exhibits in the museum. The museum's collection contains unique finds, such as the preserved artifact "Queen Sarazm" in Sarazm, Sughd region, near the city of Penjikent, and a twelve-meter Buddha figure found by archaeologists in 1961 in the city of Ajina-Teppa in southern Tajikistan, Khatlon region, and other objects awarded by the international organization UNESCO the status of a nominee for inclusion in the World Heritage List
VICTORY PARK - was opened in honor of the 40th anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War, however, the architectural and sculptural memorial complex was built in 1975. The central area is filled with an eternal flame, an alley of Heroes with high relief and sculpture Mother. At the foot of the stair is a granite slab with inscriptions in Tajik soldiers that were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. Victory Park is a favorite vacation for citizens. On holidays, Victory Day parades are in the park such as in 2015 and 2017. During Navruz, the park was decorated with 80,000 flowers of various types.
RUDAKI AVENUE - runs from North to South in a roundabout kind of way, as it cuts through the heart of the city. The street is home to many government buildings responsible for the running of the country; it also has shops, city squares, universities, apartments and restaurants dotted along its path. The Avenue shaded by beautiful trees incorporates a central tree-lined boulevard perfect for cover on those hot summer days.
KORVON BAZAR - is the biggest bazar in Tajikistan, where you can find and buy more material products with national and foreign brands, and with cheapest price
The Hissar Fortress, one of the most famous historical monuments of Tajikistan, was built to protect the local population and trade caravans from the raids of nomads. The Hissar fortress still impresses with its power and monumentality, especially after major restoration. The fortress was built about 3000 years ago, during the heyday, when the routes of the Great Silk Road passed near Hissar. The remaining remains of fortifications were built in the XVI–XIX centuries. The Hissar Fortress in Tajikistan is one of the oldest and largest architectural monuments of Central Asia. Now it is an open-air museum with an area of 86 hectares, located on the site of an ancient settlement. It is located 30 km from the capital of Tajikistan, Dushanbe. For a long time, the Hissar fortress served as the residence of the governor of the Emir of Bukhara and the base where the state troops were located. To date, only two cylindrical towers and structures around the main gate, forming a pointed arch and built on the instructions of the emir of Bukhara in the XVI century, have partially survived from the fortress. The fortress was completed in the XIX century. All structures are built of burnt brick. The Hissar fortress was built on the slope of a large hill. A high fortress wall 1 meter thick with loopholes for guns and cannons was built of baked bricks. The main gate has a laconic and simple look, traditional for the feudal military architecture of the Bukhara Emirate. In the large arched opening of the fortress wall there were strong gates, which were guarded on both sides by two powerful cylindrical watchtowers. At the top of the towers there were shooting platforms with a high parapet to protect the soldiers and cut loopholes. There was no decoration on the thick brick walls of this monumental austere structure, but they still looked impressive. Wide staircases and terraces lined with bricks led to the main entrance to the citadel. The inner territory was a large courtyard with the governor's palace complex, a swimming pool, and a huge garden. On the contrary, there was a large market square with a caravanserai (medieval hotel) and many shopping malls. In the XVI–XVIII centuries, two madrassas and the mausoleum of Makhdumi Azam (translated "The Greatest Lord") were built. It is not known for sure who it was built for). Nearby, as with any other medieval fortress, there were houses and craft workshops. There are legends among the locals about the Hissar Fortress, which have accumulated a lot over several millennia of known history. According to one of the most popular, Afrosiyob built the citadel to protect himself from Rustam. They are both famous heroic characters of Firdousi's famous epic poem "Shahnameh".
Fortress square - horse riding (at the request and expense of traveler)
Teahouse "Kharbuza" (watermelon)
The teahouse "Kharbuza" — is a unique in the world, it was built in the form of a melon (the Taj: - kharbuza). The teahouse, with a height of 43 meters, length 100 meters, width of 55 meters, is designed to receive 2.3 thousand visitors at a time.
Museum of Mirzo Tursunzoda
Mirzo Tursunzoda (Tajik: Мирзо Турсунзода, 2 May 1911 — 24 September 1977) was an important Tajik poet and a prominent political figure. Today Tursunzoda has been elevated to the level of a national hero of Tajikistan. Tursunzoda's face appears on the front of the one Somoni banknote.
Safed-Dara Mountain resort
The Ski Complex was founded in 1976 and provides sports, tourism and skiing services. The resort is located at a distance of 50 km from Dushanbe. Safed-Dara is Mountain resort, located on a unique, hilly plateau at an altitude of 2200 meters above sea level. Clear sunny weather, always fresh mountain breeze makes this place ideal for all-season holidays. The breathtaking mountain landscape, the most beautiful blue sky pulls everyone who has ever spent a holiday in Safed-Dara to come back here again. All infrastructure - a good hotel, ski lifts, ski and snow slopes, cafes.
The word “Safed-Dara” from the Tajik language is translated as "White Gorge" which means a white place.
The Safed-Dara with special attention and consistency began to function at the end of 2016 Safed-Dara, with the participation of the Leader of the Nation, the President of the Republic of Tajikistan, Emomali Rahmon, in a new design. In this area, many services have been built, sports halls and playgrounds are located on an area of 60 hectares, which can simultaneously accommodate up to 1000 people.
In Safed-Dara, mainly on winter days, as well as at other times of the year, tourists are offered the following services: - two cableways (in 2000 m.); - skiing; - skates; - snowboarding; - skis and snowmobile; - zip-line; - paintball; - pool; - restaurant; - conference room; SPA and other services.
Safed-Dara is now a whole tourist complex; Modern hotel, restaurant, ski slopes, new cable cars, snowmobile parking. A special children's and youth school for winter sports has also opened on the territory of the complex.
In Safed-Dara we will spend our time with the sport and entertaining events as Zip-Line, Paintball, SPA, Horse riding, Quadricycle driving etc. (at the request and expense of traveler)
07:30 - breakfast in the hotel
12:00 - lunch, national cuisine
Completion of the tour: transfer of guests from the international airport of Dushanbe (according to air tickets)
However, if tourists have time, we can organize shopping at their discretion.